Sunday, November 13, 2016

The Sharps & Hankins Model 1862

The action was patented by Christian Sharps, July 9, 1861, and the rifles were manufactured by the Sharps & Hankins, established in Philadelphia in 1863. 
The United States Ordnance Department purchased about 8,000 variations of the M-1862 Sharps & Hankins from 1862-1865. 

There were 700 rifles, like the one on the left, manufactured; all but 100 were purchased for use by the Navy.  
Most of the rifles were used to arm Marine guards aboard ships and some were used on gunboats on the Mississippi River. 
It is believed about 7,200 carbine were manufactured and vary some in detail and barrel size. Most of them finished blue, but some were tinned. Some of the carbines made for naval use have leather barrel covers, secured by two screws at the breech, for protection against sea-spray and salt air. 

Army carbines had saddle rings and no leather cover.

These rifles/carbines vary some in detail and barrel size. Naval carbines measured 35 5/8 inches overall with a 23 5/8 inch barrel, cavalry carbines had 20 inch barrels.

They were all .52 caliber weapons that fired the .56-52 Spencer rimfire cartridge.

Operation was by pressing a release behind the trigger and pulling the trigger guard lever downwards, this slides the barrel along the forward extension of the frame. 

Sharps & Hankins Navy Carbine pictured below.

Sharps & Hankins Short Cavalry Style Carbine pictured below.

This variation is also known as the 11th New York Volunteer Cavalry Model given the 11th Cavalry was equipped with Sharps & Hankins carbines. Only an estimated 1,000 Short Cavalry carbines were manufactured, and many had a tinned finish. 

Below is yet another S&H that I have yet to find out just what variation it might be. Possibly another Navy model.


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