This rifled musket is a U.S. Model 1861 Pattern Rifled Musket manufactured by Savage Revolving Fire Arms Company of Middletown, Connecticut in 1863.
The Model 1861 was relatively scarce in the early years of the Civil War (many troops were still using Model 1842 smoothbored muskets and Model 1816/1822 muskets converted to percussion cap primers, both in .69 caliber).
Firearms historians feel it is unlikely that any of the M-1861s were available for use in the First Battle of Bull Run. However, over time, more and more regiments began receiving Model 1861 rifled muskets, though this upgrade appeared somewhat quicker in the Eastern Theater of Operations.
Over 1,000,000 Model 1861 rifles were produced, with the Springfield Armory increasing its production during the war by contracting out to twenty other firms in the Union.
According to "United States Muskets, Rifles and Carbines" by Colonel Arcadi Gluckman, published 1949.
"In 1863 Savage entered into two contracts with the U.S. Ordnance Department for rifle musket production. (Savage also did business during the war as the Middleton Manufacturing Company)
The first contract was entered into on September 9, 1862, for 25,000 rifle muskets at a cost of $18.00 each. The second contract was entered into on February 25, 1864, for 12,000 rifle muskets at a cost of $18.00 each. Despite the total contract award for 37,000 rifle muskets, Savage only delivered 25,500 rifle muskets to the Ordnance Department from 1862 to 1864.
1,000 delivered in 1862.
8,000 delivered in 1863.
16,500 delivered in 1864.
The rest of Savage’s production is believed to have been condemned by federal inspectors with many just passing inspection (with several discrepancies being overlooked in the process)".
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