“Lindner Carbine one of the rarer and less often encountered breechloading Civil War carbines. The Linder carbine was invented by Edward Linder of New York, who received US Patent #23,378 on March 29, 1859 for his design. The patent covered his breech loading design, which used a rotating bolt to lock and unlock the breech, allowing the breech plug to tilt up for loading. The system was unique and somewhat cumbersome, but it was the forerunner concept of a rotating bolt with interrupted lugs, which would be the basis of design for almost every bolt-action rifle developed.
Linder apparently had no experience in the arms trade, and as such relied upon Samuel B. Smith of New York to act as a sales agent on his behalf. Smith was an active promoter of Linder’s design, and on November 6, 1861 he acquired his first U.S. Ordnance Department order for 400 of the carbines.
The guns were specifically ordered for issue to the 1st Michigan Cavalry Regiment.
Like so many American patent arms designers in the mid-19th century, Linder had no ability to actually produce the item that he had invented, so he turned to the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of Manchester, NH to build his guns.
A second order was placed on November 4, 1862. This order was placed directly with the Amoskeag, by passing Smith. On January 9, 1863 the first carbines from the second Linder order were delivered, totaling 501. This brought the total number of Linder carbines purchased by the US government to 892. The 501 delivered in 1863 were subsequently issued in the fall of that year to the 8th West Virginia Mounted Infantry.
The carbine was a .58 percussion ignition breechloader that was iron mounted, with a 20” round barrel and an overall length of just over 38”. Like most cavalry carbines of the time, the guns had a sling bar and ring mounted opposite the lock to allow the attachment of a carbine sling.
The breech was unlocked for opening by twisting a large thumbscrew on the breechblock. The breechblock was then rotated 90 degrees. This unlocked the lugs and allowed the breechblock to pivot upwards, exposing the chamber for the insertion of the paper cartridge that contained the bullet and powder charge”.