1st Model Schofield Single Action Revolver with Kelton Safety.
"45 S&W Schofield 2nd model Smith & Wesson. They manufactured approximately 5,934 of these revolvers for the U.S. military circa 1876-77."
|Wells Fargo Marked Smith & Wesson First Model Schofield Revolver|
"Major George W. Schofield took a liking to the No.3 and made a number of improvements over several years with the aim to perfect it as a cavalry gun. Most notably and important, however, was his change to the locking action. The latch was moved from the barrel to the frame and beefed up to provide a more secure and visibly imposing lock. This design was resubmitted to the U.S. Small Arms Board and was found much more favorable. Tested on horseback, at a gallop, the Schofield could be reloaded in 26 seconds where the Colt SAA took 60. The new hinge gave confidence in the durability of the pistol and lessons from the Russian and American complaints had been incorporated to proved a better grip and handling revolver."
"In 1874 the U.S. Army put in an order for 3,000 S&W No.3 Schofield revolvers. They requested these, unlike the trial model in .44, be chambered in .45 Long Colt. S&W actually avoided this request out of concerns with lengthening the action, cylinder, and adjusting to use the type of rim on this ammunition. There was a big fear that it would extract poorly and that government contracts may not be worth enough for all the changes in tooling. So a new cartridge, .45 Schofield, was developed. This was essentially a shortened .45LC and can be used in revolvers of the same chambering (especially the Single Action Army)."
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