Tuesday, May 24, 2016

- Savage Revolvers -


Civil War Sargent with a Savage M-1861 revolver.



Savage-North 1859, 2nd Model "Figure 8 Revolver". 36 caliber 6-shot percussion with a 7 1/8" barrel. Patented by Henry S. North and Edward Savage of Middletown, Connecticut. The US Ordnance Department placed an order for 100 of the unique “Figure-8” revolvers for actual field trials. The order was placed June 17, 1856 and the 100 revolvers were delivered on June 20, 1857. All but 1 of these revolvers was in the field for trial use by US cavalry units within a year. The guns utilized a unique self-cocking action that rotated the cylinder and cocked the hammer by pulling back the lower ring trigger of a “Figure-8”. The upper trigger then fired the pistol in a conventional fashion. These test revolvers were chambered in .36 caliber, the same as the Colt M-1851 “Navy” revolvers then in service with the US military. "Approximately 450 of these “Figure-8” revolvers were made between 1856 and 1859".


 Brass Frame 3rd Model
A rare 4th Model. According to Flayderman only about 50 of these were ever produced.

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In 1860 North and Savage formed the Savage Revolving Fire Arms Company. This company is unrelated to the later Savage Arms Company.
A redesigned Model 1861 "Navy" was introduced and they received contract with the government for 5,500 arms at a cost of $20.00 each. However, in the first two years of the Civil War, the government purchased 11,284 of these revolvers at an average cost of $19.00. Over 10,000 went to the Army.
"The Savage 1861 Navy was officially used by the following United States army regiments: 1st Wisconsin U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, 2nd Wisconsin U.S. Volunteer Cavalry, 5th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, and the 7th New York Cavalry
Confederate States Army regiments: 34th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry, 35th Battalion of Virginia Cavalry, 11th Texas Cavalry, 7th Virginia Cavalry and the 7th Missouri Cavalry
The United States Navy also used the revolver in small numbers.

Following the war the revolvers were offered to the soldiers, only 17 units were reported being bought".




Sunday, May 22, 2016

Colt Special Model 1861 Rifle-Musket -












The Colt "Special" Model 1861 Rifle-Musket, manufactured in 1864.

The rifle design was basically the M-1861 Springfield which was manufactured on British Enfield machinery. 
Colt acquired some of the British machine tools from the bankrupt Robbins & Lawrence Company who had been using the machinery to  manufacture the Enfield M-1853, prior to their failure.

Colt was given a contract to supply 112,500 of these special Rifled Muskets. Production began in 1862  and between that time and 1865 75,000 were delivered under Ordnance Department contracts during the Civil War. 
By the end of the War, 131,000 Special Model Muskets were delivered to the US Government.
All parts are armory bright except for the blue rear sight and casehardened trigger. The Colt Special Model 1861 Rifle-Musket had a distinctive hammer, nickel bolster that lacked a clean-out screw, screw fastened barrel bands and a straight shank tulip head ramrod. 
Many of these features were incorporated by Springfield Armory in the Model 1863 Type I and Type II rifle-muskets. 
The lock plate is dated "1864" behind the hammer and marked "U.S./COLT'S PT F.A. MFG CO/HARTFORD CT" ahead of the hammer. 
The face of the nipple bolster is stamped with the spread eagle/shield motif.
Blade front sight on a square base which doubles as a bayonet lug and three leaf rear sight. 
Mounted with an oil finished black walnut full straight grip stock with two sharp boxed cartouches on the left flat and a small "T" behind the tang. 






Tuesday, May 17, 2016

- Lucius Pond Revolvers -










Lucius W. Pond of Worcester, Massachusett, began making the Belt Revolver in around 1861, at a time when America was fighting itself in the American Civil War. For a year or so, Pond was able to produce a number of .32 and .44 rimfire Belt revolvers, in partial accordance with a patent issued to Abram Gibson on the 10th July 1860. In 1862, however, Smith & Wesson made a challenge to the Belt revolver's production.
Smith & Wesson's challenge centered on a patent issued for their 'Rollin White' patent, issued in 1855.The court ruled in favor of Smith & Wesson, however Pond (alongside Bacon, Moore and Warner whom were also found infringing that patent).
Pond was able to continue producing the Belt Revolver, under the clause of the contract which stated that the Belt Revolvers that were 'in the course of production' could be completed. This allowed Pond to continue production of the Belt Revolver with a final run of 4,486 Belt Revolvers. Those revolvers were marked as the court demanded, "Manuf'd for Smith & Wesson Pat'd April 5, 1855" (as well as a payment of royalties to Smith & Wesson).







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This blog is filled with interesting weapons from the 19th Century so be sure to look through the "Blog Archive".

Thursday, May 12, 2016

Jenks Naval Carbine









Jenks Naval Carbine was originally manufactured in 1845 by N.P. Ames of Springfield, Massachusetts with a total production of approximately 4,250. The vast majority of these were made for the U.S. Navy and they were the only "mule ear" type arm that was officially accepted by U.S. armed forces.


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In 1846, the final contract was purchased from Ames and Jenks along with most of the carbine making equipment by E. Remington of Herkimer N.Y. who completed the contract obligations. Remington then filled the contract of September 22, 1845 calling for 1,000 “improved” Jenks with Maynard Tape Priming system.



These additional carbines were delivered in 1847 and 1848. Both the Ames and Remington versions of the carbine had 24.5” barrels, walnut stocks and brass furniture. All were originally manufactured as .54 smoothbore guns, with a round loading aperture in the breech.


With the coming of the Civil War, nearly all of the carbines were recalled and subsequently altered to accept paper cartridges.
The round loading aperture, which was designed for loose powder and a round ball, was enlarged to an oval opening which allowed the loading of the paper cartridges.



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At that time the majority of the carbines were also rifled during the alteration process.

Today, it is very difficult to find a smoothbore Jenks carbine and nearly impossible to find an original configuration smoothbore Jenks with the round loading hole.
The Remington made, Maynard primed “Round Hole” Jenks carbines are so scarce that their prices usually start at double the price of a comparable oval hole, tape primed Jenks. In fact, only a handful of the original configuration smoothbore, “round hole”, tape primer Jenks carbines are known to exist.

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My blog is filled with interesting weapons from the 19th Century so be sure to search the "Blog Archive".